One of the SOC's greatest contributions to Scottish ornithology is the documentation of bird numbers and the maintenance of the Local Recorders' Network. Recording and monitoring has formed the cornerstone of our knowledge of Scotland's birdlife. The Scottish Birds Records Committee, set up by the Club, also maintains the official Scottish List on behalf of the SOC.
As a BirdTrack partner, we work with other organisations to promote the practice of keeping bird records and submitting them for scientific research.
The Club provides support to ornithological fieldwork in Scotland with grants for research and surveys. The Birds of Scotland Fund is used to support ornithological publications and special projects in Scotland.