• Ptarmigan

    The Scottish List

    The Scottish List

Species and subspecies: A checklist of the birds of Scotland


In 1993 SOC Council delegated to The Scottish Birds Records Committee (SBRC) responsibility for maintaining the Scottish List (a list of all species and subspecies of wild birds recorded in Scotland). In turn, SBRC appointed a subcommittee to carry out this function.

The Scottish List was most recently published in full in 2011 (Forrester 2011), since when there have been eight published sets of amendments (Forrester 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020). A full explanation of the procedure for maintaining the list is given in Scottish Birds 22: 33-35.

The Scottish List is a statement of the status of those species and subspecies known to have occurred in Scotland and its coastal waters.

Recording Area

The Scottish List Recording Area follows the EU Fishery Limits as they apply to Scotland. These extend to 200 nautical miles (370 km) from the baseline surrounding Scotland's coast and its outlying islands, or the median line between Scotland and neighbouring countries, whichever is the nearest.

The map shows Scottish waters used for recording of 'at sea' records in relation to the Scottish List. The solid line marks the boundaries of the coastal waters considered by the Scottish List Subcommittee for the purposes of the Scottish List. It follows the ~370 km (200 nautical miles) of the UK Exclusive Economic Zone Limit and the UK Offshore Marine Conservation (Natural Habitats, & c.) Regulations 2007 (UK Government 2007), except for boundaries with Northern Ireland which are instead defined in The Adjacent Waters Boundaries (Northern Ireland) Order 2002 (Marine Scotland 2017); and the territorial waters of ~22 km (12 nautical miles) around the Isle of Man. The named sea areas are shown with their boundaries indicated (R = Rockall). In reality the boundary is usually the median line between Scotland and neighbouring countries, with the 200 nautical mile limit only being reached to the west of Scotland (Bailey and Rockall), in the Atlantic Ocean. The 'at sea' limits are now revised to agree with BOU (2018).


In recent years there has been an increase in taxonomic activity, reflected in a period of instability. SBRC therefore established several principles for the original version of the Scottish List, which are still followed. The British Ornithologists' Union (BOU) has maintained the official British List since 1883 and SBRC adopts its taxonomy, sequence, and scientific and English names for the Scottish List. Similarly, species categorization follows BOU, and in no instance is a species or subspecies placed in a higher category on the Scottish List than it appears on the British List.

One of the advantages in basing the Scottish List on that used by BOU is that it is compiled in a consistent and scientific manner. A consequence of this approach is that conservation agencies can use the list, safe in the knowledge that a rigorous process was undertaken during its compilation. This may be especially important in advising on legal issues where status of an individual bird may be discussed in court. In 1998, BOU introduced a revised categorisation (British Birds 91:2-11), following consultations with the government's Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC). The JNCC has adopted the British List for decisions concerning the status of birds in Britain in relation to the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. The changes included a new category (Category E) for escapes and a redefining of the previous categories (A-D). The SOC adopted the new categories for the Scottish List with effect from our 2000 Report (Scottish Birds 21: 1-5). Further small changes to the definitions of Categories C and D occurred in 2002 and to Category B in 2013.

In 2007 the British Ornithologists' Union Records Committee (BOURC) adopted the standardized English names recommended by the International Ornithological Congress (IOC), now International Ornithological Union (IOU), in Birds of the World: Recommended English Names (Gill & Wright 2006) and subsequent updates. However, in respect of the British List and publications relating to the List, the BOU always uses the vernacular English name familiar to British birdwatchers, but also includes the IOU International English name when this differs. The International English names used here are those in version 7.3 of the IOC World Bird List (Gill & Donsker 2017).

In 2016 (Scottish Birds 36: 200), we reported that BOURC had disbanded its own Taxonomic Subcommittee and were reviewing global taxonomies with a view to adopting one system for all BOU activities including the British List. BOU subsequently announced that from 1 January 2018 they would adopt the International Ornithological Congress (IOC) World Bird List for all its taxonomic needs, including the British List. The British List: A Checklist of Birds of Britain (9th edition) using the new taxonomy, was published in January 2018 (BOU 2018), resulting in significant changes to the Scottish List.

The BOU website is continually updated and includes the British List, press releases and the most recent committee and taxonomic reports. The BOU's 9th Checklist provides much additional background information.

BOU has not given English names to subspecies, but the SOC has now accepted English names for many subspecies, most of which are established names used within the birding community.

The Scottish List as it appears on the SOC website is updated annually. It is for information purposes only and is not an official document, or part of the permanent record. Any announcements of changes to the Scottish List do not come into effect until published in Scottish Birds, under the authorship of the Scottish Birds Records Committee.

Species categories

A – Species that have been recorded in an apparently natural state at least once since 1 January 1950.

B – Species that were recorded in an apparently natural state at least once between 1 January 1800 and 31 December 1949, but have not been recorded subsequently.

C – Species that although introduced now derive from the resulting self-sustaining populations. Category C has been further subdivided to differentiate between various groups of naturalised species:

  • C1 naturalised introduced species - species that have occurred only as a result of introduction, eg Little Owl.
  • C2 naturalised established species - species with established populations resulting from introduction by man, but which also occur in an apparently natural state, eg Greylag Goose.
  • C3 naturalised re-established species - species with populations successfully re-established by man in areas of former occurrence, eg Red Kite.
  • C4 naturalised feral species - domesticated species with populations established in the wild, eg Rock Dove/Feral Pigeon.
  • C5 vagrant naturalised species - species from established naturalized populations abroad, eg Mandarin Duck.
  • C6 former naturalised species - species formerly placed in C1 whose naturalized populations are either no longer self-sustaining or are considered extinct, eg Golden Pheasant.


D – Species that would otherwise appear in Category A, except that there is reasonable doubt that they have ever occurred in a natural state. Species placed only in Category D form no part of the Scottish List, and are not included in the species totals. Category D species are listed in Appendix 2.

E – Species that have been recorded as introductions, human-assisted transportees or escapees from captivity and whose breeding populations (if any) are thought not to be self-sustaining. Species in Category E that have bred in the wild in Scotland are designated as E*. Category E species form no part of the Scottish List (unless already included within Categories A, B or C).

A species is usually placed in only one category, but some are placed in multiple categories: for example those occurring in Category A that now also have naturalised populations (eg Red Kite).

The Scottish List comprises only those species in Categories A, B and C.

Species appearing in Category D, all of which have occurred in Scotland on less than an annual basis, are tabulated separately, without any further details on subspecies or status.

Status codes

Abbreviated codes are provided for status of each subspecies on the list. We previously followed the codes used by BOU in The Status of Birds in Britain and Ireland 1971, which were also used in Checklist of Birds of Britain and Ireland 6th edition (BOU 1992), but BOU revised the status codes in the 7th edition (BOU 2006), which have now also been adopted for the Scottish List:

RB – Resident breeder

MB – Migrant breeder

CB – Casual breeder

NB – Naturalized breeder

HB – Hybrid breeder

FB – Former breeder

WM – Winter migrant

PM – Passage migrant

SM – Scarce migrant

V – Vagrant

Some of these codes are only generalizations. For example, many forms listed as WM may occasionally be found in summer. With the introduction of three status codes for migrants (including that of vagrant) to replace the former two codes, for Scotland, these codes have been given 'approximate' definitions:

PM – Occurs at least annually on passage

SM – Occurs less than annually, but there have been more than c.20 records

V – There are c.20 or fewer Scottish records.

Records of species and subspecies recorded in Scotland on up to twenty occasions

A comprehensive list, updated annually, is available in tabulated form. Click here to download the list as a PDF file.


Where species are monotypic, nothing is shown in the subspecies column. If a subspecies has an established English name, this is shown.

Endemic subspecies

Subspecies endemic to Scotland are indicated in the status column.

Systematic List

Category Species English vernacular name IOU international Name (if differs from vernacular name) Scientific Species Name (binomen) Subspecies Name (where applicable) Scientific Subspecies Name Status
C3 CapercaillieWestern CapercaillieTetrao urogallusurogallusFB NB
A,C2 Black GrouseLyrurus tetrixbritannicusRB
A PtarmiganRock PtarmiganLagopus mutamillaisiRB ENDEMIC
A Red GrouseWillow Ptarmigan Lagopus lagopusscoticaRB
C1,E* Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufarufaNB
A,C2,E*Grey PartridgePerdix perdixperdixFB
intraspecific hybrids as result of introductionsNB
A QuailCommon QuailCoturnix coturnixcoturnixMB PM
C1,E* PheasantCommon PheasantPhasianus colchicuscolchicusNB
intraspecific hybridsNB
C1C6,E*Golden PheasantChrysolophus pictusFB
A,E Brent GooseBrant GooseBranta berniclaDark-belliedbernicla PM WM
Pale-belliedhrota PM WM
Black Brantnigricans V
A,E Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisV
A,C2,E*Canada GooseBranta canadensisAtlantic Canada GoosecanadensisNB
Todd's Canada Goose/Lesser Canada Gooseinterior/parvipes V
A,E* Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisWM
ACackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRichardson's Cackling GoosehutchinsiiV
A,C2,E*Snow GooseAnser caerulescensLessercaerulescensNB WM
A,C2C4,E*Greylag GooseAnser anseranserRB NB WM
A,E Taiga Bean GooseAnser fabalisfabalisWM PM
A,E* Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusWM
A,ETundra Bean GooseAnser serrirostris rossicus PM
A,E* White-fronted GooseGreater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsEuropeanalbifrons PM
Greenlandflavirostris WM
A,E* Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusV
A,C2 Mute SwanCygnus olorRB
A Bewick's SwanTundra SwanCygnus columbianusbewickiiWM PM
A,E* Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusCB WM
C5Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca V
A ShelduckCommon ShelduckTadorna tadornaMB RB PM
B,E* Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaSM
C1C5,E*Mandarin DuckAix galericulataNB
A GarganeySpatula querquedulaMB PM
A,E Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsSM
A ShovelerNorthern ShovelerSpatula clypeataMB WM PM
A,C2 GadwallMareca streperastreperaNB RB WM PM
A,E* WigeonEurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRB WM PM
A,E American WigeonMareca americanaSM
A,C2C4,E*MallardAnas platyrhynchosplatyrhynchosRB WM
A Black DuckAmerican Black DuckAnas rubripesV
A,E PintailNorthern PintailAnas acutaRB/MB WM
A TealEurasian TealAnas creccacreccaRB WM PM
AGreen-winged TealAnas carolinensisSM
A,E* Red-crested PochardNetta rufinaSM
A,ECanvasbackAythya valisineria V
A,E* PochardCommon PochardAythya ferinaRB/MB WM PM
A,E Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaV
A Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisHB? SM
A Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRB MB WM PM
A ScaupGreater ScaupAythya marilamarilaCB WM PM
A Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis SM
A Steller's EiderPolysticta stelleriV
A King EiderSomateria spectabilisSM
A EiderCommon EiderSomateria mollissimamollissimaRB WM
A Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusV
A Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataWM PM
A Velvet ScoterMelanitta fuscaWM PM
AWhite-winged ScoterMelanitta deglandiV
A Common ScoterMelanitta nigraRB/MB WM PM
ABlack ScoterMelanitta americanaV
A Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisWM
A BuffleheadBucephala albeolaV
A GoldeneyeCommon GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaclangulaRB WM PM
A,E Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandicaV
A SmewMergellus albellusWM
AHooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusV
A GoosanderCommon Merganser Mergus mergansermerganserRB WM
A Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRB WM
C1,E* Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisjamaicensisNB
A Common NighthawkChordeiles minorminor (presumed)V
A NightjarEuropean NightjarCaprimulgus europaeuseuropaeusMB PM
A White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutuscaudacutusV
A Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaV
A Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melbamelbaSM
A SwiftCommon Swift Apus apusapusMB PM
APallid SwiftApus pallidussubspecies undeterminedV
APacific SwiftApus pacificussubspecies undeterminedV
A Little SwiftApus affinisgalilejensis (presumed)V
A Great BustardOtis tardatardaFB V
B Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiV
A Little BustardTetrax tetraxV
A Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusV
A Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusV
A Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusV
A CuckooCommon CuckooCuculus canoruscanorusMB PM
A Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxusFB V
A,C4,E*Rock DoveColumba livialiviaRB
A Stock DoveColumba oenasoenasRB PM WM
A WoodpigeonCommon Wood PigeonColumba palumbuspalumbusRB PM WM
A Turtle DoveEuropean Turtle DoveStreptopelia turturturturFB PM
A Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalismeenaV
A Collared DoveEurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctodecaoctoRB PM
AMourning DoveZenaida macrouracarolinensis (presumed)V
A Water RailRallus aquaticusaquaticusRB PM WM
A CorncrakeCorn CrakeCrex crexMB PM
A Little CrakePorzana parvaV
A Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaintermediaV
A Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaMB (or CB) PM
A Sora RailSoraPorzana carolinaV
AAllen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniV
A MoorhenCommon MoorhenGallinula chloropuschloropusRB WM
A CootEurasian CootFulica atraatraRB WM
AAmerican CootFulica americanaamericanaV
A Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensissubspecies undeterminedV
A CraneCommon CraneGrus grusNB PM
A Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollisruficollisRB MB WM
A Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepspodiceps (presumed)V
A Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenagrisegenaCB WM
A Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatuscristatusRB WM
A Slavonian GrebeHorned GrebePodiceps auritusauritusRB WM
A Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollisnigricollisRB MB WM PM
A Stone-curlewEurasian Stone-curlewBurhinus oedicnemusoedicnemusSM
A OystercatcherEurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusostralegusRB MB WM PM
A Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusV
A AvocetPied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaSM
A LapwingNorthern LapwingVanellus vanellusRB MB PM WM
A Sociable PloverSociable LapwingVanellus gregariusV
AWhite-tailed PloverWhite-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurusV
A Golden PloverEuropean Golden PloverPluvialis apricariaRB MB WM PM
A Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulvaSM
A American Golden PloverPluvialis dominicaSM
A Grey PloverPluvialis squatarolasquatarolaPM WM
A Ringed PloverCommon Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaCommonhiaticulaRB MB PM WM
TundratundraePM WM?
ASemipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusV
A Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiuscuronicusMB PM
A KilldeerCharadrius vociferusvociferusV
A Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinusalexandrinusSM
ALesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolusmongolus/stegmanniV
A Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultiisubspecies undeterminedV
A Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusV
A DotterelEurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusMB PM
A Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaV
A WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusislandicusMB PM
AHudsonian WhimbrelNumenius hudsonicussubspecies undeterminedV
B Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisV
A CurlewEurasian CurlewNumenius arquataarquataRB MB PM WM
A Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicalapponicaPM WM
A Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaContinentallimosaV
IcelandicislandicaMB PM WM
A Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica V
A TurnstoneRuddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresinterpresPM WM
A Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisV
A KnotRed KnotCalidris canutusislandicaPM WM
A RuffCalidris pugnaxCB PM WM
A Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellusfalcinellusSM
A Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataV
A Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusV
A Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaPM WM
A Temminck's StintCalidris temminckiiCB PM
A Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis V
A SanderlingCalidris albaalbaPM WM
A DunlinCalidris alpinaNorthernalpinaPM WM
SouthernschinziiMB PM
A Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaCB PM WM
A Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiSM
A Little StintCalidris minutaPM
A Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaV
A White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisPM
A Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisPM
A Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosPM
A Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaSM
A Western SandpiperCalidris mauriV
A Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusSM
AShort-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseussubspecies undeterminedV
A WoodcockEurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticolaRB MB PM WM
A Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusPM WM
A Great SnipeGallinago mediaSM
A SnipeCommon SnipeGallinago gallinagoCommongallinagoRB MB PM WM
FaeroefaeroeensisRB MB PM WM
A Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusV
A Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorSM
A Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusMB PM
A Grey PhalaropeRed PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusPM WM
A Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosMB PM WM
A Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusCB SM
A Green SandpiperTringa ochropusCB PM WM
A Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariasubspecies undeterminedV
AGrey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes V
A Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesSM
A RedshankCommon RedshankTringa totanusEuropeantotanusRB MB PM WM
IcelandicrobustaPM WM
A Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisV
A Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaCB PM
A Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusPM WM
A GreenshankCommon GreenshankTringa nebulariaRB MB PM WM
A Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaV
A Cream-coloured CourserCream-colored CourserCursorius cursorcursorV
A Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolapratincolaV
A Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniV
A KittiwakeBlack-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylatridactylaRB MB PM WM
A Ivory GullPagophila eburneaSM
A Sabine's GullXema sabiniPM
A Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaSM
A Black-headed GullCommon Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRB MB PM WM
A Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusPM WM
A Ross's GullRhodostethia roseaSM
A Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillasubspecies undeterminedSM
A Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanV
A Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalusPM WM
A Common GullMew GullLarus canuscanusRB MB PM WM
A Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisHB SM WM
A Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRB PM WM
AGlaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensV
A Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreushyperboreusPM WM
A Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesglaucoidesPM WM
A Herring GullEuropean Herring GullLarus argentatusScandinavianargentatusPM WM
WesternargenteusRB PM WM
AAmerican Herring GullLarus smithsonianusV
A Caspian GullLarus cachinnansV
AYellow-legged GullLarus michahellismichahellisSM
Azorean Yellow-legged GullatlantisV
A Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscusWesterngraellsiiRB MB PM WM
ContinentalintermediusPM WM
A Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaniloticaV
A Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaSM
ARoyal TernThalasseus maximusV
A Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensisemigratusV
A Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisMB PM
A Little TernSternula albifronsalbifronsMB PM
A Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetussubspecies undeterminedV
A Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusfuscatusV
A Roseate TernSterna dougalliidougalliiMB PM
A Common TernSterna hirundohirundoMB PM
A Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaMB PM
A Forster's TernSterna forsteriV
A Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridahybridaV
A White-winged Black TernWhite-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusSM
A Black TernChlidonias nigernigerPM
A Great SkuaStercorarius skuaMB PM
A Pomarine SkuaPomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusPM WM
A Arctic SkuaParasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusMB PM
A Long-tailed SkuaLong-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicauduslongicaudusCB PM
A Little AukAlle alleallePM WM
Franz Josef LandpolarisV
A Brünnich's GuillemotThick-billed MurreUria lomvialomvia (presumed)SM
A Common Guillemot Common MurreUria aalgeNorthernaalgeRB MB WM
SouthernalbionisRB MB WM
A RazorbillAlca tordaBritishislandicaRB MB WM
B Great AukPinguinus impennisExtinct FB
A Black GuillemotCepphus gryllearcticusRB
A PuffinAtlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaRB MB PM WM
A Red-throated DiverRed-throated LoonGavia stellataMB RB WM PM
A Black-throated DiverBlack-throated LoonGavia arcticaarcticaMB RB WM
APacific DiverPacific LoonGavia pacificaV
A Great Northern DiverCommon LoonGavia immerCB WM
A White-billed DiverYellow-billed LoonGavia adamsiiSM
A Wilson's PetrelWilson's Storm PetrelOceanites oceanicussubspecies undetermined V
B White-faced Storm PetrelPelagodroma marinahypoleucaV
A Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisV
A Storm PetrelEuropean Storm PetrelHydrobates pelagicuspelagicusMB PM
ASwinhoe's PetrelSwinhoe's Storm PetrelOceanodroma monorhisV
A Leach's PetrelLeach's Storm PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaleucorhoaMB PM
A FulmarNorthern FulmarFulmarus glacialisglacialisRB MB PM
A Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris borealisPM
A Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaPM
A Great ShearwaterArdenna gravisPM
A Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinusMB PM
A Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusPM
A Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroliV
A Black StorkCiconia nigraV
A,E White StorkCiconia ciconiaciconiaFB SM
A Ascension FrigatebirdFregata aquilaV
A GannetNorthern GannetMorus bassanusMB RB PM
A ShagEuropean ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelisaristotelisRB
A CormorantGreat CormorantPhalacrocorax carboAtlanticcarboRB MB
A Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusSM
A SpoonbillEurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodialeucorodiaCB SM
A BitternEurasian BitternBotaurus stellarisstellarisFB PM
A American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusV
A Little BitternIxobrychus minutusminutusSM
A,E* Night-heronBlack-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticoraxnycticoraxSM
A Green Heron Butorides virescensvirescens (presumed)V
A Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides V
A,E Cattle EgretWestern Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisV
A Grey HeronArdea cinereacinereaRB WM
A Purple HeronArdea purpureapurpureaSM
A Great White EgretGreat EgretArdea albaalbaPM
ASnowy EgretEgretta thulasubspecies undeterminedV
A Little EgretEgretta garzettagarzettaPM
A,E* OspreyWestern OspreyPandion haliaetushaliaetusMB PM
A Honey-buzzardEuropean Honey BuzzardPernis apivorusMB PM
A,E Golden EagleAquila chrysaetoschrysaetosRB
A SparrowhawkEurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisusnisusRB PM WM?
A,C3,E GoshawkNorthern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisgentilisFB NB PM
A Marsh HarrierWestern Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosusaeruginosusMB PM WM?
A Hen HarrierCircus cyaneusRB MB PM WM
ANorthern HarrierCircus hudsoniusV
A Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusSM
A Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargusCB PM
A,C3,E*Red Kite Milvus milvusmilvusFB NB HB WM PM
A Black KiteMilvus migransmigransHB SM
A,C3,E*White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaalbicillaFB NB SM
A Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopuslagopusWM PM
A,E* BuzzardCommon BuzzardButeo buteobuteoRB PM?
A,E* Barn OwlWestern Barn OwlTyto albaalbaRB
A Scops OwlEurasian Scops OwlOtus scopsscopsSM
A,E Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusCB SM
A Tawny OwlStrix alucosylvaticaRB
A Hawk Owl Northern Hawk-OwlSurnia ululaEuropeanululaV
C1C5 Little OwlAthene noctuavidaliiCB SM
A Tengmalm's OwlBoreal OwlAegolius funereusfunereusV
A Long-eared OwlAsio otusotusRB PM WM
A Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusflammeusRB MB PM WM
A HoopoeEurasian HoopoeUpupa epopsepopsPM
A RollerEuropean RollerCoracias garrulusgarrulusSM
A KingfisherCommon KingfisherAlcedo atthisispidaRB
ABelted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonV
ABlue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicuspersicusV
A Bee-eaterEuropean Bee-eaterMerops apiasterCB SM
A WryneckEurasian WryneckJynx torquillatorquillaCB PM
ALesser Spotted WoodpeckerDryobates minorsubspecies undeterminedV
A Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos majorNorthernmajorPM WM
A Green WoodpeckerEuropean Green WoodpeckerPicus viridisviridisRB
A Lesser KestrelFalco naumanniV
A KestrelCommon KestrelFalco tinnunculustinnunculusRB MB PM WM
A American KestrelFalco sparveriussparveriusV
A Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusSM
A Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonoraeV
A MerlinFalco columbariusaesalonRB MB PM WM
IcelandicsubaesalonPM WM
A HobbyEurasian HobbyFalco subbuteosubbuteoMB PM
A,E Gyr FalconGyrfalconFalco rusticolusSM
A,E PeregrinePeregrine FalconFalco peregrinusperegrinusRB WM PM
C5Ring-necked ParakeetRose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula kramerinaturalised birds show characters of borealis and manillensisNB
AEastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusV
A Brown ShrikeLanius cristatuscristatusV
A Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioCB PM
A Daurian ShrikeIsabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusisabellinusSM
ALong-tailed ShrikeLanius schachsubspecies undeterminedV
A Lesser Grey ShrikeLanius minorSM
A Great Grey ShrikeLanius excubitorexcubitorWM PM
Steppe GreypallidrostrisV
A Woodchat ShrikeLanius senatorsenator PM
AMasked ShrikeLanius nubicusV
A Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusolivaceus (presumed)V
A Golden OrioleEurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusPM
A JayEurasian JayGarrulus glandariusrufitergumRB
A MagpieEurasian MagpiePica picapicaRB
A NutcrackerSpotted NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactesmacrorhynchosV
A ChoughRed-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocoraxpyrrhocoraxRB
A JackdawWestern JackdawColoeus monedulaNordicmonedulaWM
WesternspermologusRB WM
A RookCorvus frugilegusfrugilegusRB WM
A Carrion CrowCorvus coronecoroneRB WM
AHooded CrowCorvus cornixcornixRB WM
A RavenNorthern RavenCorvus coraxcoraxRB
A,E WaxwingBohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulusgarrulusWM
ACedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorumV
A Coal TitPeriparus aterContinentalaterSM
A Crested TitEuropean Crested TitLophophanes cristatusscoticusRB ENDEMIC
A Marsh TitPoecile palustrisdresseriRB
A Willow TitPoecile montanuskleinschmidtiRB
A Blue TitEurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleusContinentalcaeruleusSM
A Great TitParus majorContinentalmajorPM WM
A Bearded TitBearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicusbiarmicusRB SM
A WoodlarkLullula arboreaarboreaSM WM
A SkylarkEurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensisarvensisRB MB PM WM
A Crested LarkGalerida cristatacristataV
A Shore LarkHorned LarkEremophila alpestrisflavaCB WM PM
North American Horned Larkalpestris/praticola/hoytiV
A Short-toed LarkGreater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactylasubspecies undeterminedPM
A Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculataV
A Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandrasubspecies undeterminedV
A Sand MartinRiparia ripariaripariaMB PM
ATree SwallowTachycineta bicolorV
APurple MartinProgne subissubis (presumed)V
A SwallowBarn SwallowHirundo rusticarusticaMB PM
ACrag MartinEurasian Crag MartinPtyonoprogne rupestrisV
A House MartinCommon House MartinDelichon urbicumurbicumMB PM
A Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricarufulaSM
A Cetti's WarblerCettia cetticettiV
A Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatuscaudatusV
British Long-tailed TitrosaceusRB
A Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilustrochilusMB PM
NorthernacredulaMB? PM
A ChiffchaffCommon ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybitacollybitaMB PM WM
ScandinavianabietinusPM WM
SiberiantristisPM WM
AIberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericusV
A Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelliV
AEastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalisV
A Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixMB PM
A Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusfuscatusPM
A Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziSM
A Pallas's WarblerPallas's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus proregulusPM
A Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusPM
AHume's WarblerHume's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus humeihumei (presumed)SM
A Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisborealis (presumed)SM
AGreen WarblerPhylloscopus nitidusV
A Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesviridanusSM
ATwo-barred Greenish WarblerTwo-barred WarblerPhylloscopus plumbeitarsusV
A Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceusarundinaceusSM
A Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaSM
A Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusMB PM
A Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricolaseptimus (presumed)SM
A Blyth's Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumPM
A Reed WarblerEurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceusscirpaceusMB PM
A Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustrisCB PM
A Thick-billed WarblerIduna aedonaedon (presumed)V
A Booted WarblerIduna caligataSM
ASykes's WarblerIduna ramaV
A Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallidaelaeicaV
AOlive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorumV
A Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglottaSM
A Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaCB PM
A Pallas's Grasshopper WarblerHelopsaltes certhiolarubescensSM
A Lanceolated WarblerLocustella lanceolatalanceolata (presumed)SM
A Grasshopper WarblerCommon Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevianaeviaMP PM
A River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisSM
A Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioidesluscinioidesV
A BlackcapEurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapillaatricapillaMB PM WM
A Garden WarblerSylvia borinborinMB PM
A Barred WarblerSylvia nisorianisoriaPM
A Lesser WhitethroatSylvia currucacurrucaMB PM
Central AsianhalimodendriV
AWestern Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensishortensis (presumed)V
A WhitethroatCommon WhitethroatSylvia communiscommunisMB PM
A Dartford WarblerSylvia undatasubspecies undeterminedV
AMarmora's Warbler Sylvia sarda V
A Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillansEasterncantillansSM
AMoltoni's Subalpine WarblerMoltoni's WarblerSylvia subalpinaV
A Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephalamelanocephalaV
A Rüppell's WarblerSylvia ruppeliV
A FirecrestCommon FirecrestRegulus ignicapillaignicapillaPM WM
A GoldcrestRegulus regulusregulusRB PM WM
A WrenEurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytesEuropeantroglodytesPM
Shetlandzetlandicus RB ENDEMIC
Fair Isle fridariensis RB ENDEMIC
Hebrideanhebridensis RB ENDEMIC
St Kilda hirtensis RB ENDEMIC
A,E NuthatchEurasian NuthatchSitta europaeacaesiaRB
A TreecreeperEurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiarisNorthernfamiliarisV
A,E Rose-coloured StarlingRosy StarlingPastor roseusSM
A StarlingCommon StarlingSturnus vulgarisvulgarisRB WM PM
ShetlandzetlandicusRB ENDEMIC
A Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibiricasubspecies undeterminedV
A White's ThrushZoothera aureaaureaSM
AVeeryCatharus fuscescenssubspecies undeterminedV
A Grey-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus subspecies undetermined V
A Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatussubspecies undeterminedV
A Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatusfaxoni (presumed)V
A Ring OuzelTurdus torquatustorquatusMB PM
A BlackbirdCommon BlackbirdTurdus merulamerulaRB MB? PM WM
A Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusV
A Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularisSM
A Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomusV
A FieldfareTurdus pilarisCB WM PM
A RedwingTurdus iliacusContinentaliliacusCB WM PM
IcelandiccoburniCB? WM PM
A Song ThrushTurdus philomelosContinentalphilomelosPM WV
BritishclarkeiRB MB
HebrideanhebridensisRB MB? ENDEMIC
A Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorusviscivorusRB MB? PM WM
A American RobinTurdus migratoriusmigratoriusV
A Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striatastriataMB PM
A Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauuricadauuricaV
A RobinEuropean RobinErithacus rubeculaContinentalrubeculaCB PV WM?
BritishmelophilusRB MB
ASiberian Blue RobinLarvivora cyanebochaiensis (presumed)V
ARufous-tailed RobinLarvivora sibilanssubspecies undeterminedV
A BluethroatLuscinia svecicaRed-spottedsvecicaCB PM
White-spottedcyanecula SM
A Thrush NightingaleLuscinia lusciniaSM
A NightingaleCommon NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosmegarhynchosSM
A Siberian RubythroatCalliope calliopecalliope (presumed)V
A Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusSM
A Pied FlycatcherEuropean Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleucahypoleucaMB PM
A Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollisSM
A Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaPM
ATaiga FlycatcherFicedula albicillaV
A Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochrurosgibraltariensisCB PM WM
A RedstartCommon RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurusphoenicurusMB PM
A Rock ThrushCommon Rock ThrushMonticola saxatilisV
A,E Blue Rock ThrushMonticola solitariussubspecies undeterminedV
A WhinchatSaxicola rubetraMB PM
A StonechatEuropean StonechatSaxicola rubicolaBritishhibernansRB MB
ASiberian StonechatSaxicola maurusmaurusV+G602
A WheatearNorthern WheatearOenanthe oenantheoenantheMB PM
Greenlandleucorhoa PM
A Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellinaV
A Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiundeterminedSM
A Western Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanicaV
AEastern Black-eared WheatearOenanthe melanoleucaV
A Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaSM
A DipperWhite-throated DipperCinclus cinclusBlack-belliedcinclus SM
A House SparrowPasser domesticusdomesticusRB
A Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensishispaniolensis (presumed)V
A Tree SparrowEurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanusmontanusRB PM
A Alpine AccentorPrunella collariscollarisV
ASiberian AccentorPrunella montanellasubspecies undeterminedV
A DunnockPrunella modularisContinentalmodularisPM WM
Hebrideanhebridium RB
Britishoccidentalis RB
A Yellow WagtailWestern Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaBlue-headedflavaCB PM
YellowflavissimaMB PM
Grey-headedthunbergi CB PM
AEastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis subspecies undetermined V
A Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolacitreolaSM
A Grey WagtailMotacilla cinereacinereaRB MB PM
A Pied WagtailWhite WagtailMotacilla albaWhitealbaCB PM
PiedyarrelliiMB RB
A Richard's PipitAnthus richardiPM
ABlyth's PipitAnthus godlewskiiV
A Tawny PipitAnthus campestrisSM
A Meadow PipitAnthus pratensisMB RB PM
A Tree PipitAnthus trivialistrivialisMB PM
A Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniyunnanensisPM
A Pechora PipitAnthus gustavigustaviSM
A Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusPM
ABuff-bellied PipitAnthus rubescensrubescensV
A Water PipitAnthus spinoletta spinolettaPM WM
A Rock PipitEurasian Rock PipitAnthus petrosusBritishpetrosusRB
ScandinavianlittoralisPM WM
A,E ChaffinchCommon ChaffinchFringilla coelebsContinentalcoelebsWM PM
A BramblingFringilla montifringillaCB WM
A,E Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertinavespertina (presumed)V
A HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustescoccothraustesRB PM
A Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleatorenucleatorV
A BullfinchEurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhulaNorthernpyrrhulaPM
A Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineussubspecies undeterminedV
A Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinuserythrinusCB PM
A,E GreenfinchEuropean GreenfinchChloris chlorischlorisRB WM
A TwiteLinaria flavirostrispipilansRB MB
A LinnetCommon LinnetLinaria cannabinaEurasiancannabinaCB? PM
ScottishautochthonaRB MB ENDEMIC
A Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaMealyflammea WM PM
ALesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretRB MB
A Arctic RedpollAcanthis hornemanniHornemann'shornemanniSM
A Parrot CrossbillLoxia pytyopsittacusRB SM
A Scottish CrossbillLoxia scoticaRB ENDEMIC
A CrossbillRed CrossbillLoxia curvirostracurvirostraRB MB WM PM
A Two-barred CrossbillLoxia leucopterabifasciataSM
A GoldfinchEuropean GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisbritannicaRB WM
ACitril FinchCarduelis citrinellaV
A SerinEuropean SerinSerinus serinusV
A,E SiskinEurasian SiskinSpinus spinusRB MB WM PM
A Lapland BuntingLapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicuslapponicusCB PM WM
subcalcaratusPM WV
A Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisnivalisRB PM WM
IcelandicinsulaeRB PM WM
A Corn BuntingEmberiza calandracalandraRB PM WM
A YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaContinentalcitrinellaPM
A Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalosleucocephalosV
A,E Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana PM
A Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesiaV
A Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusV
AChestnut-eared BuntingEmberiza fucatafucataV
A Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaPM
A Yellow-browed BuntingEmberiza chrysophrysV
A Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaPM
A Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaaureolaSM
AChestnut BuntingEmberiza rutilaV
A,E Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaSM
ABlack-faced BuntingEmberiza spodocephalaspodocephala (presumed)V
A Pallas's Reed BuntingEmberiza pallasipolaris (presumed)V
A Reed BuntingCommon Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclusschoeniclusRB PM WM
A Song SparrowMelospiza melodiasubspecies undeterminedV
A White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrysleucophrysV
A,E White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollisV
A Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalishyemalisV
A Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensislabradoriusV
A BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusV
A,E Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaV
ARed-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceussubspecies undeterminedV
A Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus atersubspecies undeterminedV
A OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillaaurocapillaV
B Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaV
A Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrinaV
A Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichassubspecies undeterminedV
A Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaV
A,E American RedstartSetophaga ruticillaV
A Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrinaV
ANorthern ParulaSetophaga americanaV
AMagnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaV
A Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaV
A Yellow WarblerAmerican Yellow WarblerSetophaga aestivaaestivaV
A Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaV
A,E Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataV
A Yellow-rumped WarblerMyrtle WarblerSetophaga coronatacoronata (presumed)V
AWilson's WarblerCardellina pusillapusilla (presumed)V
AScarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaV
A Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusV


Category A 525
Category B 6
Category C 9
Category A/B/C 540
Category D 10

APPENDIX 1: Species groups not included in the systematic list

Records for the following species groups cannot safely be identified to species level and thus do not form part of the species totals:

A Zino's Petrel (Madeira Petrel)/Fea's Petrel/ Desertas Petrel   Pterodroma madeira/Pterodroma feae/Pterodroma deserta     V
A Western Orphean Warbler or Eastern Orphean Warbler   Sylvia hortensis/Sylvia crassirostris     V

APPENDIX 2: Category D

Category D does not form any part of the Scottish List and is included here for information only.

Category Species name Scientific species name (binomen)
D,E* Ross's Goose Anser rossii
D Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa
D Wood Duck Aix sponsa
D Falcated Duck Mareca falcata
D Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
D,E White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus
D Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus
D Saker Falcon Falco cherrug
D Daurian Starling Agropsar sturninus
D,E Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
D Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps


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British Ornithologists' Union (BOU). 1992. Checklist of Birds of Britain and Ireland. 6th Edition. London: Helm Information Ltd.

British Ornithologists' Union (BOU). 2006. The British List: A Checklist of Birds of Britain (7th edition). Ibis 148: 526-563.

British Ornithologists' Union (BOU). 2013. The British List: A Checklist of Birds of Britain (8th edition). Ibis 155: 635-676.

British Ornithologists' Union (BOU). 2018. The British List: A Checklist of Birds of Britain (9th edition). Ibis 160: 190-240.

Forrester, RW on behalf of Scottish List Subcommittee, Scottish Birds Records Committee 2011. The Scottish List. The official list of birds recorded in Scotland. Scottish Birds 31: Supplement 1.

Forrester, RW on behalf of Scottish List Subcommittee, Scottish Birds Records Committee 2013. Amendments to the Scottish List: species and subspecies. Scottish Birds 33: 16-30.

Forrester, RW on behalf of Scottish List Subcommittee, Scottish Birds Records Committee 2014. Amendments to the Scottish List: species and subspecies. Scottish Birds 34: 211-217.

Forrester, RW on behalf of Scottish List Subcommittee, Scottish Birds Records Committee 2015. Amendments to the Scottish List: species and subspecies. Scottish Birds 35: 195-198.

Forrester, RW on behalf of Scottish List Subcommittee, Scottish Birds Records Committee 2016. Amendments to the Scottish List: species and subspecies. Scottish Birds 36: 199-202.

Forrester, RW on behalf of Scottish List Subcommittee, Scottish Birds Records Committee 2017. Amendments to the Scottish List: species and subspecies. Scottish Birds 37: 202-204.

Forrester, RW on behalf of Scottish List Subcommittee, Scottish Birds Records Committee 2018. Amendments to the Scottish List: species and subspecies. Scottish Birds 38: 232-238.

Forrester, RW on behalf of Scottish List Subcommittee, Scottish Birds Records Committee 2019. Amendments to the Scottish List: species and subspecies. Scottish Birds 39: 200-201.

Forrester, RW on behalf of Scottish List Subcommittee, Scottish Birds Records Committee 2020. Amendments to the Scottish List: species and subspecies. Scottish Birds 40: 212-215.

Gill, F & Donsker, D. (Eds). 2017. IOC World Bird List (version 7.3).

Gill, F & Wright, M on behalf of the International Ornithological Congress. 2006. Birds of the World: recommended English names. Christopher Helm, London.

Marine Scotland. 2017. Northern Ireland Zone

UK Government. 2007. The Offshore Marine Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 2007

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